Capsule Endoscopy Utilise a Video Capsule to Smooth Operation
The gastrointestinal tract plays an important role in regulating energy homeostasis. That is why it is necessary for us to take care of the gastrointestinal tract in order to ensure the proper functioning of the body. A large number of people suffer gastrointestinal disorders due to bacteria, parasites, or viruses which settle in your gastrointestinal tract. Due to this, there is the requirement of a complete examination of the gastrointestinal tract which can be done by capsule endoscopy.
Some of the gastrointestinal disorders include:
GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)
The main symptom of GERD is heartburn. GERD can even lead to bleeding and destroy the lining of the esophagus. The condition can go worse as it may lead to chest pain so extreme that we may mistake it as a heart attack.
Constipation is having lesser than three bowel movements a week for a continuous three weeks or even more. Similar to diarrhea, the cause of constipation is not easy to diagnose.
The main cause of gastroenteritis is viral & bacterial infections in the gut. Bacterial infection can be the result of salmonella or E. coli. And viral infections include rotavirus or norovirus.
Hemorrhoids refer to swollen veins in the lower rectum. It can cause itching or pain around the anus. This is very commonly seen in pregnant ladies.
What is Capsule endoscopy?
Capsule endoscopy refers to the non-invasive technique that enables to examine of the gastrointestinal tract. Capsule endoscopy examines by using a disposable wireless device often called a video capsule. This video capsule consists battery, a camera, a light source, and a transmitter.
Video capsules used in capsule endoscopy, capture images in the small intestine, stomach & esophagus. Healthcare providers use these images for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders. Camera equipped in the video capsule capture two pictures each second.
Functions of capsule endoscopy
- Capsule endoscopy can help healthcare providers know the cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in the small intestine.
- It can also help them know about areas of inflammation.
- Capsule endoscopy has the ability to show tumors in the small intestine as well as other parts of the digestive tract.
- The technique is also utilized for diagnosing & monitoring the reaction of the immune system to eating gluten.
- Sometimes, doctors prefer capsule endoscopy to examine the esophagus in order to know about abnormal and enlarged veins.
- In case, the results of the imaging test are not clear, then doctors may recommend capsule endoscopy to get better information.
Benefits of capsule endoscopy
Capsule endoscopy is a better alternative to traditional endoscopic methods with greater benefits. This technique helps in examining the small intestine which is hard to do with colonoscopy or upper endoscopy. Some other benefits of capsule endoscopy are limited preparation & no anesthesia.
Traditionally used endoscopic procedures utilize a flexible tube along with a video camera that travels through the digestive tract. Such procedures involve sedation but the capsule endoscopy is comparatively easy.
Precautions during capsule endoscopy
The patient can restart doing most of the daily activities during the capsule endoscopy procedures. But doctors suggest patients take some precautions. Patients should drink clear liquid after swallowing the video capsule. Also, they should take a light meal 4 hours after having a capsule.
Furthermore, you should not do exhaustive physical activities while undergoing the procedure. Such activities include:
- Heavy lifting etc.
You should avoid going to work if the job is physically demanding. As the video capsule consists of metal parts, patients should avoid going into electromagnetic sources like MRI machines.
Increasing the need for endoscopy for diagnosing & treating diseases
Minimal pain, no to a few days of hospital stay, and lesser complications associated with pre and post-surgery care are some of the benefits of endoscopy procedures. Due to this, these procedures are comparatively cost-efficient, effective & safer. Moreover, the health insurance providers also pay claims for such procedures in countries with developed countries like Canada, the US, Germany, and the UK. All these factors lead to a higher preference for endoscopy procedures.
The use of endoscopic procedures is continuously increasing for the treatment/diagnosis of gastrointestinal disorders like cancer, neurological disorders, orthopedic disorders, & GERD. The number of cases of such diseases is rising continuously which arises the need for endoscopic procedures thus propelling the market growth.
Capsule endoscopy procedures help in efficiently examining the GI tract through swallowed video capsules. The capsule is often stated as a "pill-cam". This is because its size is equal to large-sized vitamin tablet. The disease is examined without the use of belts, harnesses, wires, or leads because all of the diagnostic information is saved on board the capsule. During the test, you are free to conduct yourself as usual. Capsule endoscopy is better than normal endoscopic procedures. The main reason for this is that it enables painless imaging of the small intestine.
The Global Capsule Endoscopy System Market size is expected to reach $1.4 billion by 2028, rising at a market growth of 12.1% CAGR during the forecast period.